In the southern hemisphere the coldest place, no doubt, is this Antarctic research station. July 21, 1983 at the Soviet station Vostok, located on the mainland of Antarctica, recorded the lowest temperature of -89,2 ° C. People working in these harsh conditions during the year.
Ojmjakon – a settlement that pretend to be the coldest place in the northern hemisphere. It is located in Russia’s Yakutia. The strange name of the settlement is translated as “non-freezing water”, because here among the permafrost beats a hot spring. January 26, 1926 there have recorded a record low temperature of -71,2 ° C. Ojmjakon lies in a valley among the mountains, which serve as a natural barrier to cold air. In winter the temperature often drops below -45 ° C.
Verkhoyansk, also located in Yakutia, is far beyond the Arctic Circle. In the village live in just 1300 people, the main occupations of which, like hundreds of years ago, is hunting for fur animals and reindeer herding. The lowest temperature recorded Verkhoyansk weather station was -72 ° C and average January temperature is -49 ° C. Ojmjakon Verkhoyansk surpassed his unofficial record low temperature of -78 ° C.
It turns out that Yakutsk, the capital of the Republic of Yakutia, the coldest city on earth. In January the average temperature during the day – about -50 ° C. Local residents, of which there are no more than 200 thousand, do not wear glasses on the street (they can simply freeze-to-face) and has never jammed motor vehicles (even at long stops).
5. Station Norsays ”
The coldest place in the Western Hemisphere is a research station “Norsays”, built on the ice shield of Greenland. At this station on Jan. 9, 1954 recorded the lowest temperature of -66 ° C.
City Sneg (Snag), which in Alaska is the coldest place in North America. 3 February 1947 the meteorologist on duty had to put a notch on the thermometer because the mercury dropped to a lower level than enough marks. Later figured out how many degrees showing the device in the day. It was found that the temperature was -63 ° C. Frost is so strong that people’s voices resound for many miles. Track from the frozen remains of breath in the air for 15 minutes, and it is convenient to keep track of routes passing by.
Umiat, also located in Alaska – the coldest place in the U.S., where the average annual temperature is +11 ° C. Temperatures here are very contrasting, and in summer you can suffer from heat. Local people are accustomed to this state of affairs and has got mobile homes.
8. INTERNATIONAL Falls
Town INTERNATIONAL Falls (International Falls), Minnesota – the coldest in 48 states. In the city live 7 thousand people who have become accustomed to the average annual temperature +2 ° C. A place where local ice festival, where you can see snowmobile races, snow sculpture contest and bowling with frozen turkeys.