Skaftafetl is the second largest National Park of Iceland, founded in 1967 and the largest fleet in Europe. Its area is approximately 5,000 square kilometers. Annually visit the park 160 000 tourists. Recognized as a national park to preserve the historic integrity of the flora, fauna and geological characteristic landscapes for future generations. The park is an oasis lying between the sand and ice. Its unique natural beauty formed as a result of favorable weather conditions, the impact of fiery lava and water from the glaciers and rivers Skeydara.
The park is considered one of the pearls of Icelandic nature.
Nowhere in the country to find such a natural diversity and contrasts, as in Skaftafetl. Vast glaciers, ice blue lakes and enormous icebergs, silent peaks, cliffs and crevices formed by volcanic activity, canyons, valleys, tunnels and huge glittering arches of ice, icy waterfalls and glacial rivers, wildflowers, waterfalls, basalt columns, rare birds, animals and plants. Skaftafetl has diverse flora and fauna, including the growing population of foxes and ptarmigan. This park is a place for breeding 30 different species of birds.
The area is famous for its good weather and sunny days, so is suitable for hiking. There are walking and hiking trails of varying difficulty. The most complex and time – mountain climbing Kristinartindar. As for the big rock climbing, then certainly the ascent to the peaks Skaftafetlsokul, Erayvayekyudl
Hvannadalshnukyur or where the reward will be great views from the top to the lush vegetation Skaftafetl, huge glaciers and beaches with black sand in the North Atlantic. Hvannadalshnukyur, with a mark of 2110 m, is the highest peak in Iceland.
Attraction of the park is a waterfall or Svartifoss Gullfoss (Godofoss), falling from the basalt columns
of black, resembling organ pipes. Hence came the name the waterfall – “Black Falls”. The columns were formed by slow cooling lava flow, and affect its natural and unique beauty. This waterfall was inspired by the idea of the architect and the design Gudenå Samuelson building of the National Theatre in Reykjavik.
The distance from Reykjavik is about 340 kilometers.