Arc de Triomphe in Paris is the famous arch that is located on an area of Charles de Gaulle, to commemorate the great victory of Napoleon Bonaparte. On its roof there is a viewing platform, which offers magnificent views of the city. The facades facing the Arc de Triomphe in the direction of the Champs Elysees, going down to the Place de la Concorde, Tuileries garden and to the Louvre. On the other side is the Avenue de la Grande Arme, which ends with the prospect of skyscrapers and large arch La Défense.
Arc de Triomphe has a classic U-shape with only one oval arch span, but in its grand size it surpasses even the famous Arch of Constantine in Rome: with the height of 49.51 m, breadth 44.82 m, 29.19 m height of the arch on the north and south sides, there are two small opening.
It has a dynamic and expressive composition, which shows the soldiers serving in the campaign. Their movement headed by a winged figure of the goddess – Is an allegory of freedom, homeland, winning the Revolution and the folk song La Marseillaise.
Major victories of Napoleon as depicted in the upper bas-reliefs – on the upper tier engraved with the names of 128 great battles won by the Republican and the Imperial Army in Europe and Africa, as well as the names of 558 French generals. Triumphal arch of granite bollards are connected by iron chains. Inside the Arc de Triomphe is a small museum of history of the arch.
Arc de Triomphe in Paris was built in 1806-1836 by order of Napoleon Bonaparte by architect Jean Shalgrenom and is located at the top of the Champs Elysees, on the hill of Chaillot. In 1806, Napoleon put the first stone at the base of the arch, which was to glorify the military campaigns of the Napoleon’s army. But the collapse of Napoleon in 1815 has suspended work on its construction. Once again, the construction of the Arc de Triomphe started under Louis Philippe (1773-1850) and the construction was finished in 1836.
December 15, 1840 passed under the arch of the funeral procession with the ashes of Napoleon brought from the island of St. Helena. Later, a solemn funeral ceremony with a stop under the arches of the Arc de Triomphe honored after his death, Thiers, Gambetta, Victor Hugo, Lazare Carnot, McMahon, Generals Foch and Joffre, General Philippe Leclerc, Marshal Lattre de Tassigny.
In 1920, at the foot of the arch appeared the Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers, in honor of those killed in the war of 1914-1918, and over the tomb an eternal flame was lit. The inscription on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier says: “Here lies a French soldier who gave his live for his country, 1914-1919.”