St. Peter’s Basilica (San Pietro)
According to legend, the place where now in Rome stands St. Peter Basilica, was a place of punishment of the Apostle Peter. On the construction of the Cathedral at different times worked the best architects in Italy: Bramante, Michelangelo, Giacomo della Porta, Domenico Fontana, Carlo Maderno and. The Pearl of St. Peter’s is a unique altar, with a hole leading to the underground tomb of the Apostle Peter. Shocking fact that the archaeological excavations carried out in the middle of last century, proved that the remains at rest under the altar of the Cathedral, in fact belong to one of the twelve apostles – Peter.
Cathedral of San Giovanni in Laterano
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in the Lateran –In the hierarchy of the Catholic churches in the world, this temple stands above all others, not excepting St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican. In the Cathedral of St. John is chair of the bishop of Rome, as well as the papal throne. In ancient times this place was the house of a noble Roman family of the Lateran. The Emperor Constantine, who got the structure in the form of dowry, gave the Lateran Palace and the surrounding area to the bishop of Rome.
The church of Santa Maria in Domnica
The church of Santa Maria in Domnica is a temple of the VII – XVI centuries, standing on a hill Celio. Another name for the church is the church of Santa Maria alla Navichella – that comes from the fountain in the form of the boat (navicella – “the boat”), set across from the entrance on the orders of Cardinal Giovanni de ‘Medici. The Basilica was built in the VII century on the ruins of the ancient military barracks, and rebuilt during the reign of Paschal I (817-824). Since then, in the apse of the church preserved a remarkable mosaic of green and blue colors, depicting the Madonna with a handkerchief in his hand,
Basilica San Marco (Basilica di S. Marco)
The Basilica was built in the IV century. In the earlier times the church has undergone many renovations, during which got some interesting interior details. For example, in the IX century apse mosaic appeared, depicting Christ surrounded by the evangelist Mark and other saints in the Byzantine style on a gold background.
Church of Sant ‘Eusebio (Sant’Eusebio)
The church is of great age: it was built in the Vth century in honor of the martyr Euserbio of Vercelli, who lived in the IV century. The first reconstruction of the church was made in the VIII-th century – by order of Pope Zacharias. Another reconstruction took place under Pope Gregory IX, who consecrated the temple in 1238. As a result, the church acquired the Romanesque features that distinguish it to the reconstruction of more recent times – XVIII and XX centuries. For example, in 1712, Stefano Fontana changed the facade of the temple, giving the church then fashionable Baroque elements. Architecturally the temple is a three-nave basilica in the shape of a Latin cross.